Loading
Department of Public Works - Mosquito Control

Eric Williges
Superintendent
Division of Environmental Affairs
99 West Bradford Ave
Cedar Grove, NJ 07009
ewilliges@essexcountynj.org

CITIZEN REQUESTS
973-239-3366 Ext. 2480

EMERGENCY NUMBER - WEEKENDS AND AFTER 3:30 PM WEEKDAYS
(973) 239-3366 Ext. 2480

10 Commandments of Mosquito Control

Introduction

History

Overview

Operating Philosophy

Current Organization of the Division

Download Brochure

Essex County utilizes pesticides to control nuisance and vector carrying mosquitoes. The pesticides that are used have warning labels and directions to minimize risks to human health and the environment. These pesticides are applied by N.J. Certified Pesticide Applicators who are specially trained to follow proper safety precautions and directions for use. For a complete list of pesticides used and EPA classifications, please call the Division of Environmental Services/Mosquito Control.

Click here to visit the NJ Mosquito Biology and Control Association

10 COMMANDMENTS OF MOSQUITO CONTROL

TEN COMMANDMENTS OF MOSQUITO CONTROL

  1. ELIMINATE ALL STANDING WATER
  2. FLATTEN ALL TYPES OF OPEN CANS AND CONTAINERS OR PUNCTURE HOLES IN BOTTOM
  3. COMPLETELY SEAL CESSPOOLS & SCREEN ALL VENTS
  4. CLEAN CLOGGED ROOF GUTTERS & DRAIN FLAT ROOFS SO NO WATER STAYS
  5. COVER ALL STANDING RECEPTACLES, SUCH AS RAIN BARRELS IN RURAL AREAS WITH NETTING
  6. EMPTY & REFILL OUTDOOR BIRD BATHS EVERY FEW DAYS
  7. STOCK WITH FISH OR AERATE GARDEN POOLS AND PONDS
  8. TILT WHEELBARROWS AND MACHINES WITH CONTAINERS TO PREVENT HOLDING WATER
  9. EMPTY WATERING CANS AND WADING POOLS AFTER USING
  10. DISPOSE OF OLD TIRES, OR ANYTHING THAT HOLDS WATER

     

INTRODUCTION

This website has been designed by the Government of Essex County to assist in educating our citizens about mosquitoes and the problems they cause and the capabilities possessed by this County in combating these problems. Through a variety of tools available including those discussed below, we do our utmost to reduce the mosquito population and the discomfort they bring about. On this website we discuss the history and life cycle of the mosquito, the County's approach to the problem, our operating philosophy, the make-up of the Division responsible for mosquito control and the "Ten Commandments of Mosquito Control".

We trust you will find this web site informative, helpful and one that will make life a little easier. Feel free to call us or e-mail us at those numbers shown if you need more information or have suggestions to make. You may also mail us at the address shown, we welcome your participation.

HISTORY

Most mosquitoes are a nuisance, but nothing more. Very few people die. However, mosquitoes can act as vectors for an array of diseases including West Nile Encephalitis. Rainfall can act as a primary factor in the increase of mosquito populations with many species. Certain species lay their eggs in catch basins and along the edges of receding pools of still water. Flooding in these places will cause the eggs to hatch. With the right climate and environment, numbers of mosquitoes can reach an incredibly high level. The life cycle of a mosquito involves four stages: egg, larva, pupa, and adult. The best time to eliminate this problem is during the larval stage with either biological methods, such as Gambusia affinis (commonly know as mosquito fish), chemicals, or a mix of both.

West Nile Encephalitis is a mosquito borne viral disease that induces an inflammation of the brain. Mosquitoes become infected after feeding on infected birds. After a period of 10-14 days, the mosquitoes then transmit the virus to other animals or humans when taking a blood meal. Mosquitoes bite humans for blood and subsequently transmit the West Nile Virus. Symptoms of the disease include fever, headache, body ache, skin rashes as well as swollen lymph glands. In rare cases, a more severe infection may result in a high fever, stiff neck, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, paralysis and even death. People with weakened immune systems are more susceptible to the virus, which can be seen by the number of deaths being associated mainly with the elderly. There is no vaccine available to prevent the disease as of yet. An ELISA antibody test is used to test samples of blood and spinal fluid for West Nile Virus. Handling diseased birds, dead or alive, cannot transmit the virus but caution should be maintained when dealing with them.

The Culex pipiens, otherwise known as the household mosquito, is the primary cause of the emergence and distribution of the West Nile Encephalitis in the United Stares. There are several species of Aedes mosquitoes that act as bridge vectors in the United States. The virus is common in Africa, part of Europe, and West Asia. West Nile Virus was first detected in the state of New York in the fall of 1999. A pesticide spraying effort of massive proportions was intensely carried out in New York. The states of Connecticut and New Jersey were actively involved in similar preventive measures already undertaken by New York.

OVERVIEW

Environmental Services, successor to the Essex County Mosquito Commission founded in 1912 and now a Division of the Essex County Department of Public Works, has responsibility for the Mosquito Control Program in the County. This Division utilizes an Integrated Pest Management Program, which provides for a balanced approach to controlling this pest thereby reducing the annoyance and threat of disease carried by this insect.

Here, on this website, is provided information on operating procedures, including up-to-date information on divisional activities. This Administration, because they appreciate the seriousness of the mosquito problem, provide for the program accordingly.

OPERATING PHILOSOPHY

This Division, as previously stated, is a successor to the Essex County Mosquito Commission, and a pioneer in mosquito control founded in 1912. It has the goal of reducing the number of nuisance and disease transmitting mosquitoes within the County. Essex County has always strived to maintain an Integrated Pest Management Program, which incorporates that which is shown below. Battling mosquitoes is a year-round occupation. Larval Surveillance starts in February and Adult Surveillance begins in early May. Traps are set and monitored daily from that time through November. Equipment must be maintained on a 12-month basis, training goes on during that period and elements of Water Management continue during what would be considered the off-season.

a. Source Reduction - Total elimination or reduction of breeding habitats through management practices, including removal of waste tires, gutter cleaning and Water Management.

b. Surveillance
Larval - Monitor development to determine species and most effective treatment applications. Adult - Set-up surveillance monitors indicating adult populations. - Collect and identify trapped species.

c. Control
Larval - Biological - Distribute fish in permanent and semi permanent bodies of water where breeding might occur. - Aerial Spraying- Helicopter spraying over Passaic River Flood Plain. - Manual Treatment- Hand treatment where vehicles cannot go. - Amphibious Vehicles- Treat flood Plain not accessible to helicopter. -Basin Treatment- Treat over 30 thousand street basins with right hand drive vehicles. - Water Management- Develop and maintain methods easing water flow in swamp areas. - Individual Requests- Response to requests from citizens for service.

Adult - Backpack Spray - Hand treatment where vehicles cannot go. - Truck Mounted Spray- Treat large areas within residential areas during evening hours. -Aerial Spray- Only under extreme population conditions within meadows- very rarely done.

Essex County utilizes pesticides to control nuisance and vector carrying mosquitoes. The pesticides that are used have warning labels and directions to minimize risks to human health and the environment. These pesticides are applied by N.J. Certified Pesticide Applicators who are specially trained to follow proper safety precautions and directions for use. For a complete list of pesticides used and EPA classifications, please call the Division of Environmental Services/Mosquito Control.

Administration Entomologist
Section
Water Resource
Management
Mosquito Control
Section
Three
Employees
Two
Employees
(Biologists)
Six
Employees
(Equip. Oper's.)
Eleven
Employees
(Inspectors)

Seasonal Employees added as need arises.

Although the Division is separated into the cost centers, or sections as shown, there is an extremely high degree of cooperation between these groups and other divisions within the Department of Public Works. Environmental Services utilizes the Directors Office for payroll and personnel functions, engineering to assist in obtaining various permits (permits are required for all Water Management work), Fleet to maintain their vehicles and Buildings and Grounds to take care of their site.

Included on the staff are two (2) Degreed Biologists, and several employees, including all in senior positions who have 30 years or more experience. All of the Inspectors, and Equipment Operators are required to have spraying licenses and all Inspectors and Biologists continue to take advantage of courses given by Rutgers University and others on mosquito control. Senior members attend seminars throughout the state on the subject. Shortly that will be expanded so that important meetings outside the state will also be attended.

As an important component of Public/Information and Education, the Division prepares literature for distribution to County Residents, provides posters, answers questions and perhaps more importantly, is prepared to speak to groups to fully discuss their program. During these speaking engagements, which are done at no cost to the inviting groups, slides are presented, all aspects of the Mosquito Program are discussed and a questions and answer period is provided to ensure that a complete picture is given.

 

 
 
 
Video
Press Release
September 04.2014,
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO ANNOUNCES NEW ATTENDANCE MILESTONE FOR ESSEX COUNTY TURTLE BACK ZOO August is the Earliest in the Year that Annual Attendance Reaches 500,000
September 03, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO OPENS MODERN  PUBLIC WORKS BUILDING IN CEDAR GROVE Modern Facility Provides Up-to-Date and More Efficient Working Conditions for Employees
August 27, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO CONGRATULATES ARTISTS IN ANNUAL ESSEX COUNTY SENIOR CITIZENS JURIED ART SHOW 31 Senior Citizens Receive Recognition for Their Artistic Talent
August 20, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO TAKES THE ICE BUCKET CHALLENGE Sheriff Fontoura and Entire Executive Staff Joins County Executive to Support ALS Awareness
August 19, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO HOSTS ESSEX COUNTY LGBTQ PRIDE MONTH CELEBRATION Star of Essex County Awards Presented to Joseph, Jane and James Clementi of The Tyler Clementi Foundation
July 31, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO, DIVISION OF SENIOR SERVICES AND PARKS DEPARTMENT OPEN SENIOR CITIZEN CONGREGATE MEAL CENTER IN ESSEX COUNTY WEEQUAHIC PARK New Location Enables Essex to Offer Nutritious Meals, Exercise and Wellness Programs, and Other
July 27, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO CONGRATULATES ARTISTS IN ANNUAL ESSEX COUNTY SENIOR CITIZENS JURIED ART SHOW 31 Senior Citizens Receive Recognition for Their Artistic Talent
Untitled Document
  • Top Links
  • Events
  • Public Notice
  • Partners
Top Links
High School Proficiency Test
Report a Pothole
Employment Application
Family Justice Center
Essex County Wellness Program Card
2014 Online Applications for Local Arts and History
Essex County Budgets
Mosquito Control
Birth, Marriage & Death Certificate Information
Mobile Citizen Services Office
Golf
Business Opportunities
Join the Essex Enews!!
OPRA
Directions to Hall of Records
Stay Connected
   
Essex County Executive Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. presents the Essex County Teamwork Award Monthly.
View Past Awards

PUBLIC NOTICE - Workfirst NJ Review Committee 9-11-14 flyer

PUBLIC NOTICE - Recreation Oversight Committee 9-15-14 flyer

Title I Funding for Various Community Projects

Reprogrammed CDBG Funds- Hearing August 21

2015 Senior Citizens and Disabled Residents Transportation Assistance Program

HOME Investment Partnership Program- Project Live

Public Hearing on Caper- July 17

Reprogramming of CDBG Funds
CDBG Reprogramming Funds Application

 

 

 

FONSI 2013 Lyons Ave. Repaid Funds

Cerebral Palsy-Amended 525 Pleasant Valley Way WO

Fifth Program Year Action Plan for Consolidated Action Plan

2014 CDBG Amendment

2014 One-Year Action Plan for CDBG, HOME & ESG

HOME Funds Load to ARC of Essex County

2014 Deer Management Program
-Program Notice -Program Guidelines

Community Development Representatives Meeting
Harvard Printing Development
Belleville Senior Housing Project: NOTICE TO PUBLIC OF INTENT TO CONSIDER PROPOSED ACTION IN A 100 YEAR FLOOD PLAIN
Belleville Senior Housing Project: Final Notice and Public Explanation of a Proposed Activity in a 100-Year Floodplain
2013 ESG Reprogramming Application
FONSI Statement for Various Projects
Reprogramming of ESG Funds: Deadline November 12
Apostle House Renovations
2012 CAPER
HOME Funding: Low-Income Housing in Orange
CDBG Annual Report: Available August 28
HOME Funds for HANDS: Hearing on August 1
HOME Funds for The ARC of Essex County: Hearing on August 1
Belleville Traffic Signal: Impact Statement and Release of Funds
High Street Heights Public Hearing: August 5
Part Time Guides for Treetop Adventure Course and Paddle Boat Attraction
Belleville Intersection Upgrade: CDBG Notice
2010-2014 Consolidated Plan: 2013 One Year Action Plan
2013 CDBG Program: Public Comment Period
Essex County First Time Homebuyer Program
South Orange Avenue Upgrades
Reprogramming CDBG Funds
2013 HOME Investment Partnership Program
2011 CAPER
English - Spanish
CDBG Amendment to 2010-2014 Action Plan

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT (CDBG) OBJECTIVES & PROJECTED USE OF FUNDS
Public-Notice | Action-Plan

2013 Essex County Local Arts Grant Program
- Guidelines
- Grant Application Budget Charts
2013 Essex County Local History Grant Program
-Guidelines
-Finance Charts

 

Untitled Document
Partner Links
   
2-1-1 Information