Loading
History of Essex County, NJ
The recorded history of Essex County begins in 1666, when 30 Connecticut families headed by Robert Treat arrived to establish a settlement along the banks of the Passaic River in what is now the City of Newark. The following year the settlers purchased the land from the Lenni Lenape Indians for $800.00.

Essex County was officially established in 1682 by the East Jersey Legislature as one of the four original counties of present day New Jersey ( Bergen, Monmouth and Middlesex were the others.) By the time of the American Revolution, Essex County had become quite prosperous. After the war, the Country entered into a period of unprecedented industrial growth. This was due in part to the completion of the New Jersey Railroad, the Morris Canal, and the establishment of the Morris and Essex Railroad. Factories that grew up around the rail and canal arteries drew waves of immigrants from Europe and the population began to swell.

In 1895, Essex County became the first County in the United States to create a Countywide park system. That year, the Governor of New Jersey signed legislation creating the Essex County Parks Commission and the first 60 acres of land were acquired from the City of Newark as the beginning of Branch Brook Park. The Parks Commissioners had the foresight to retain Frederick Law Olmsted, the creator of New York's Central Park, to design 20 of Essex County's 25 parks and reservations. Those first 60 acres have grown into 5,745 acres of greenspace which include vast reservations, developed parks, golf courses, tennis courts, ice and roller skating complexes and a zoo.

The "roaring 20's" was a decade of growth and prosperity, particularly with the construction of Newark's first skyscrapers and the development of the building trades industry. Newark Airport was opened, Port Newark came into being, and the Newark City Subway was under construction. It was also at this time that many of the County's boroughs and townships experienced major development and expansion and that early suburban shopping centers were begun.

The stock market crash of 1929, along with the enforcement of prohibition, temporarily crippled the thriving economy of Essex. But with the repeal of prohibition, the reopening of many major breweries and the gradual national recovery, Essex began to grow once again.

The central section of the County, once known as the "trolley car suburbs", grew rapidly after the turn of the century when trolley lines were built to carry workers from industrial Newark to the less crowded outlying towns of Irvington, East Orange, Orange and Bloomfield. Commuter railroads which passed through Newark carried commuters to Manhattan from suburban towns such as South Orange, Maplewood, Millburn, Glen Ridge and Montclair.

Development of the western section of the County was slowed because of the difficulty and expense of crossing First and Second Mountains. However, the demand for modern industrial development and new residential spaces forced development to the west. With the completion of Route 280, communities such as Livingston, Fairfield, Roseland, Cedar Grove, Essex Fells and the Caldwells become the County's fastest growing communities. Residents of the western section enjoy modern homes and shopping malls as well as room for further development and expansion.

New industrial and professional office parks, hi-tech centers, and luxury condominiums and townhouses in the western portion of the County provide an attractive setting along with an expanding tax ratable base.

Since its inception, Essex County has been the industrial and financial hub of New Jersey. Countywide, total real property values now exceed $36 billion with an annual growth in 1996 of $78 million. With the opening in 1997 of the New Jersey Performing Arts Center in Newark, Essex will rival New York City as a cultural center for music and dance showcasing the nation's and the world's best artists. A County-sponsored baseball and soccer stadium complex will bring minor league baseball back to Essex County in the 1998 season.

With Newark International Airport and Port Newark located within its borders, Essex County is a major national transportation hub with a superior network of rail, highway, air and sea transportation and is home to one of the world's largest containerized shipping ports.

Today Essex County, with 21 municipalities ranging over 127 square miles and a total population of 765,348, is New Jersey's second most populous County. The Essex County economy continues to shift from a manufacturing base to a service oriented economy and many corporate giants as PSE&G, Bell Atlantic, ADP, and Prudential have their headquarters located in Essex County.

 
 
 
Video
Press Release
August 19, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO HOSTS ESSEX COUNTY LGBTQ PRIDE MONTH CELEBRATION Star of Essex County Awards Presented to Joseph, Jane and James Clementi of The Tyler Clementi Foundation
July 31, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO, DIVISION OF SENIOR SERVICES AND PARKS DEPARTMENT OPEN SENIOR CITIZEN CONGREGATE MEAL CENTER IN ESSEX COUNTY WEEQUAHIC PARK New Location Enables Essex to Offer Nutritious Meals, Exercise and Wellness Programs, and Other
July 24, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO AND SHERIFF FONTOURA ANNOUNCE DONATION FROM ROTARY CLUB INTERNATIONAL WILL SUPPORT 150 COMMUNITY EMERGENCY RESPONSE TEAM MEMBERS
July 22, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO ANNOUNCES PLANS TO CONSTRUCT 500-SPACE PARKING FACILITY AT ESSEX COUNTY SOUTH MOUNTAIN RECREATION COMPLEX
July 18, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO ANNOUNCES TRIPADVISOR.COM RECOGNITION FOR ESSEX COUNTY TURTLE BACK ZOO Certificate of Excellence Received for Second Consecutive Year
July 17, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO AND BRANCH BROOK PARK ALLIANCE ANNOUNCE COMPLETION OF TWO-MILE LENAPE WALKING PATH  IN ESSEX COUNTY BRANCH BROOK PARK
July 17, 2014
ESSEX COUNTY EXECUTIVE DIVINCENZO AND BRANCH BROOK PARK ALLIANCE ANNOUNCE COMPLETION OF TWO-MILE LENAPE WALKING PATH  IN ESSEX COUNTY BRANCH BROOK PARK
Untitled Document
  • Top Links
  • Events
  • Public Notice
  • Partners
Top Links
High School Proficiency Test
Report a Pothole
Employment Application
Family Justice Center
Essex County Wellness Program Card
2014 Online Applications for Local Arts and History
Essex County Budgets
Mosquito Control
Birth, Marriage & Death Certificate Information
Mobile Citizen Services Office
Golf
Business Opportunities
Join the Essex Enews!!
OPRA
Directions to Hall of Records
Stay Connected
   
Essex County Executive Joseph N. DiVincenzo, Jr. presents the Essex County Teamwork Award Monthly.
View Past Awards

Reprogrammed CDBG Funds- Hearing August 21

2015 Senior Citizens and Disabled Residents Transportation Assistance Program

HOME Investment Partnership Program- Project Live

Public Hearing on Caper- July 17

Reprogramming of CDBG Funds
CDBG Reprogramming Funds Application

 

 

 

FONSI 2013 Lyons Ave. Repaid Funds

Cerebral Palsy-Amended 525 Pleasant Valley Way WO

Fifth Program Year Action Plan for Consolidated Action Plan

2014 CDBG Amendment

2014 One-Year Action Plan for CDBG, HOME & ESG

HOME Funds Load to ARC of Essex County

2014 Deer Management Program
-Program Notice -Program Guidelines

Community Development Representatives Meeting
Harvard Printing Development
Belleville Senior Housing Project: NOTICE TO PUBLIC OF INTENT TO CONSIDER PROPOSED ACTION IN A 100 YEAR FLOOD PLAIN
Belleville Senior Housing Project: Final Notice and Public Explanation of a Proposed Activity in a 100-Year Floodplain
2013 ESG Reprogramming Application
FONSI Statement for Various Projects
Reprogramming of ESG Funds: Deadline November 12
Apostle House Renovations
2012 CAPER
HOME Funding: Low-Income Housing in Orange
CDBG Annual Report: Available August 28
HOME Funds for HANDS: Hearing on August 1
HOME Funds for The ARC of Essex County: Hearing on August 1
Belleville Traffic Signal: Impact Statement and Release of Funds
High Street Heights Public Hearing: August 5
Part Time Guides for Treetop Adventure Course and Paddle Boat Attraction
Belleville Intersection Upgrade: CDBG Notice
2010-2014 Consolidated Plan: 2013 One Year Action Plan
2013 CDBG Program: Public Comment Period
Essex County First Time Homebuyer Program
South Orange Avenue Upgrades
Reprogramming CDBG Funds
2013 HOME Investment Partnership Program
2011 CAPER
English - Spanish
CDBG Amendment to 2010-2014 Action Plan

COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT BLOCK GRANT (CDBG) OBJECTIVES & PROJECTED USE OF FUNDS
Public-Notice | Action-Plan

2013 Essex County Local Arts Grant Program
- Guidelines
- Grant Application Budget Charts
2013 Essex County Local History Grant Program
-Guidelines
-Finance Charts

 

Untitled Document
Partner Links
   
2-1-1 Information